HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is a standard markup language used to create the structure and content of web pages. It uses tags to define elements such as headings, paragraphs, links, images, and more. Here are some examples of HTML tags:

<h1>Heading 1</h1>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
<a href="">This is a link</a>
<img src="image.jpg" alt="Description of the image">

HTML is responsible for the basic structure and content of a web page, while CSS and JavaScript serve different purposes:

  1. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is used to style and layout the HTML elements. It controls the appearance, such as colors, fonts, spacing, and positioning. CSS is separate from HTML, allowing developers to maintain a consistent design across multiple pages.
  2. JavaScript is a programming language that adds interactivity and dynamic behavior to web pages. It can manipulate HTML and CSS, respond to user actions, fetch data from servers, and more. JavaScript runs in the user’s browser and can update the page content without refreshing the entire page.

In summary, HTML defines the structure and content, CSS handles the presentation and layout, and JavaScript adds interactivity and dynamic functionality to websites.